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Purpose of text:
The primary purpose of social studies is to help students develop the ability to make informed decisions as citizens of a culturally diverse, democratic society in an interdependent world. The skills and concepts found throughout this document reflect this purpose by promoting the belief that students must develop more than an understanding of social studies content. They must also be able to apply the content perspectives of several academic fields of the social studies to personal and public experiences. By stressing the importance of both content knowledge and its application, the social studies curriculum in Kentucky provides a framework that prepares students to become productive citizens.

Title: Mercedes Laster - KY Social Studies Framework

Government and Civics
The study of government and civics allows students to understand the nature of government and the unique characteristics of American democracy, including its fundamental principles, structure, and the role of citizens. Understanding the historical development of structures of power, authority and governance and their evolving functions in contemporary U.S. society and other parts of the world is essential for developing civic competence. An understanding of civic ideals and practices of citizenship is critical to full participation in society and is a central purpose of the social studies.

Academic Expectations
Students understand the democratic principles of justice, equality, responsibility, and freedom and apply them to real-life situations.

Students can accurately describe various forms of government and analyze issues that relate to the rights and responsibilities of citizens in a democracy.

Program of Studies: Understandings-SS-5-GC-U-1
Students will understand that the government of the United States was developed from a colonial base of representative democracy by people who envisioned an independent country and new purposes for the government.

Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts- SS-5-GC-S-1
Students will demonstrate an understanding of government, using information from print and non-print sources (e.g., documents, informational passages/texts, interviews, digital and environmental):
a) Investigate the basic functions of the United States Government, as defined in the Preamble to the U.S. Constitution, (e.g., establish justice, ensure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, secure the blessings of liberty)and explain their significance today.
b) Explain how democratic governments work to promote the "common good” (e.g., making, enacting, enforcing laws that protect rights and property of all citizens).

Related Core Content for Assessment SS-05-1.1.1 and SS-05-1.1.2
a) Students will describe the basic purposes of the U.S. Government as defined in the Preamble to the U.S. Constitution (to establish justice, to ensure domestic tranquility, to provide for the common defense, to promote the general welfare, to secure the blessings of liberty); give examples of services the U.S. Government provides (e.g., armed forces, interstate highways, national parks) and analyze the importance of these services to citizens today.
b) Students will explain and give examples of how democratic governments function (by making, enacting and enforcing laws) to promote the “common good” (e.g., public smoking ban, speed limits, seat belt requirements)