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Overview

Essential Purpose

As consumers and producers, people use resources in different ways to satisfy their wants. Due to scarcity, societies must choose how to produce and allocate resources, goods and services in order to satisfy their wants. To do this, individuals and societies must answer three basic economic questions: What goods and services will be produced? How will these goods and services be produced? Who will consume them?

National Economics Standards

Economics Content Standard One

Productive Resources are limited. Therefore, people cannot have all the goods and services they want; as a result, they must choose some things and give up others.

State/Local Standards

States should align these modules to their own state/local standards as appropriate.

Essential Questions

Essential Content

21st Century Skills

Summative Assessment

This summative assessment is a transfer task that should be reviewed with students prior to using the activities in the unit.

Essential Question Measured by the Summative Assessment

Printable Student View

Prior Knowledge
You just have learned that people use resources in different ways to satisfy their wants.

Problem
A bad storm has caused your school to lose power. No lunch has been made. The only choice for lunch today is a jelly sandwich, an apple, and a carton of milk. Classes will eat in their classroom because the cafeteria is dark. So, each student’s lunch must be placed in a box. The principal has asked your class to make the lunches for the entire school. She needs 500 lunches in one hour.
  • The boxes need to be put together.
  • The apples need to be washed and dried.
  • The sandwiches need to be made and wrapped in paper.
  • A carton of milk must be put in each box.
The lunches must be packed and counted on carts for each classroom.

Role/Perspective
You are a student in the class.

Product/ Performance
Complete the chart for the resources you will need. Next, write a plan that tells what your class needs to do so that everyone’s lunch is ready in one hour. Be sure to explain why you chose that plan.

Criteria for an Exemplary Response
  • The chart shows the correct category for the productive resources.
  • The plan tells what your class needs to do so that everyone’s lunch is ready in one hour.
  • The explanation shows an understanding of why your plan cuts down the time needed to make the lunches.

Scoring Guide