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KWLH Technique

Students learn more efficiently when they know the goals of a module and/or lesson. If students are aware of an intended outcome they know what to focus on. Critical thinking and production are enhanced when students have clear goals or targets as reference for their efforts.

In order to engage in problem-solving or analyzing issues that will assist them in accomplishing their goals, students need to gather new information and link it to what they already know. This process is referred to as "constructing meaning." Finding out what prior information students have about a topic/subject helps them bring meaning to any new information acquired. One strategy they can use to help them construct meaning is a strategy called the KWLH technique.

K - Stands for helping students recall what they KNOW about the subject. W - Stands for helping students determine what they WANT to learn. L - Stands for helping students identify what they LEARN as they read. H - Stands for HOW we can learn more (other sources where additional information on the topic can be found).

The KWLH Technique is just one of many graphic organizers that help students organize their thinking for decision-making and problem solving. This site will provide you with information on a number of other strategies: http://www.writedesignonline.com/organizers

KWLH Strategy

The KWLH teaching technique is a good method to help students activate prior knowledge. It is a group instruction activity developed by Donna Ogle (1986) that serves as a model for active thinking during reading.

K - Stands for helping students recall what they KNOW about the subject.

W - Stands for helping students determine what they WANT to learn.

L - Stands for helping students identify what they LEARN as they read.

H - Stands for HOW we can learn more (other sources where additional information on the topic can be found).

Source: http://www.ncrel.org

Using the KWLH Strategy

The KWL strategy developed by Donna Ogle, is a good method to activate prior knowledge and to help students organize information for learning. However, many teachers use the KWLH version, which puts a special emphasis on how we can learn more from other sources of information. Reminder:

This site provides additional information on the procedural steps for using the KWLH strategy

http://www.msu.edu/course/cep/886/Reading%20Comprehension/7Learn_Serv_Proj_KWL.html